Thursday, May 29, 2014

352. Chinese Cultural Elements on US Currency

The back (reverse) of the nickel pictures Monticello, Jefferson's house. The back reads, "E PLURIBUS UNUM" (which means, "Out of many, one"), "MONTICELLO," "FIVE CENTS," and "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA." Monticello (meaning “little mountain” in Italian) is widely considered one of the greatest architectural treasures in the United States. Jefferson regarded Monticello as his “architectural ideas and experiments.”

In his own construction, Jefferson adopted a Chinese style lattice about 1771. He installed “Chinese Railings” to border Monticello’s upraised terrace walk. In fact, Jefferson loved the Chinese railing so much that he designed the Chinese lattice for the house at Edgehill, Virginia before 1798. About 1802, Jefferson used the lattice for the house at Farmington. He also designed the Chinese lattice for his dwelling house at Barboursville. Jefferson also built Chinese lattice in the Swan house in Dorchester. Jefferson continued to use in balcony the railings until his death in 1826.

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