Saturday, March 11, 2017

486. 华人学者研究中国传统文化影响美国开国元勋

今天,美国华裔教授专家网转载了有《美国侨报》China Press 记者管黎明撰写的关于王小良(Dave Wang)博士研究成果的报道,现全文转载如下;

今年是纽约皇后区图书馆Laurelton分馆馆长、圣约翰大学兼职教授王小良博士首次发布自己的研究成果美国开国元勋与中国十周年 —— 十年前他设立了自己的英文博客,并通过中英文期刊发表了一系列有关论述中国古代文化对美国开国元勋产生深刻影响的论文。如今,他的研究成果正进入中美两国的大学校园,成为许多学者引用的学术资料,包括被北京外国语大学的教授采用作为研究生教材,而他本人也不断收到来自全美各地的邀请,请他在相关的学术会议上演讲。


中华文明对美国的影响是王小良开辟的一个崭新学术领域。此前,美国学者虽然认识到中国文化和陶瓷、丝绸等商品在北美殖民地的存在,但却远没有意识到这其中的广泛性和深刻程度,尤其是中国的哲学思想和中美商品贸易对美国的建国之父们的影响。王小良经过多年的研究,深入发掘华盛顿、富兰克林、杰斐逊等领导人早期的演讲和学说资料,经过严谨地对比与核实,最终发表多篇论文,让中美两国的学者和民众首次认识到中国文化在北美殖民地时期和美国建国初期所扮演的独特角色,以及两三百年前中美经贸往来对北美社会经济发展所具有的重要意义。

  夏威夷大学的著名汉学家唐格理Kirll O. Thompson对王小良的研究极为推崇。他在最近撰文高度评价王小良关于孔子对美国文化形成的影响的研究。他表示,许多研究1718世纪西方历史的学者都将眼光局限在西方思想和西方的学术资料,但却漠视来自东方的影响;在这种学术氛围中,王小良博士通过他对美国开国元勋利用中华文明的积极因素建设新国家的研究开辟了全新的研究领域。唐格理表示,在他的几篇论文中,王小良博士已经证明,美洲的殖民者和开国元勋崇尚孔子,主动借鉴孔子的思想和道德观;比如詹姆斯·麦迪逊James Madison 1751-1836的家里悬挂着孔子的画像,托马斯·潘恩Thomas Paine 1737-1809认为孔子和耶稣基督以及苏格拉底具有同样的重要地位,本杰明·富兰克林更是印刷宣传册来推广孔子伦理中的许多普世价值理念,托马斯·杰裴逊在他的1801年总统就职演说中也提及孔子的道德原则,甚至在他的个人笔记本里,把孔子在《大学》里推崇的一个中国王子的诗歌选进来。

  此外,王小良也遍访美国几位建国之父的生前居所和有关的个人博物馆,发现他们在现实生活中大都热爱来自中国的商品尤其是瓷器,甚至在个人居所的设计上也采用了许多中国的建筑元素,并通过大力推动中美贸易,来摆脱当时的英国对新独立的北美殖民地的经济封锁。富兰克林甚至一度在宾夕法尼亚州中部以中国的长城为模板建造了一段小小的城墙,企图以此来抵御某些印第安部落的侵袭。

  王小良多年来通过挖掘翔实的史料,从崭新的历史角度证明了中华文明对美国早期发展的积极影响。经过多年的不懈努力,他的关于美国开国元勋与中华文明的研究成果在世界范围内产生广泛影响。来自德国的著名美国研究专家阿尔弗雷德·赫农(Afred Hornung)在他的中美关系课上专门介绍王小良的文章《美国开国元勋与中国:中国文化对美国影响的缘起》(The US Founders and ChinaThe Origins of Chinese Cultural Influence on the United States;波士顿大学的教授麦克·克赖尔(Michael St. Clair)在他的新著《中国艺术大转移:大量的中国艺术品是如何来到美国的》(The Great Chinese Art Transfer —— How So Much of China's Art Came to America)中专门引用了小良的论文。

  王小良表示,近来他的研究也受到国内学术界许多学者同行的关注,令他非常高兴。目前北京外语大学正在将他的论文翻成中文,包括《孔子与美国建国 —— 美国开国元勋以儒家道德哲学建立新美德的努力》(CONFUCIUSIN THE AMERICAN FOUNDING: THEFOUNDERS’ EFFORTS TO USE CONFUCIAN MORAL PHILOSOPHY IN THEIR ENDEAVOR TO CREATENEW VIRTUE FOR THE NEW NATION)等文章。另外,他的英文博客阅读量最近也突破了20万人次,读者来自世界各地,令他非常欣慰。

  来自中国吉林的王小良早在80年代末便在西雅图的华盛顿大学作访问学者,后来于19932000年在亚利桑纳大学先后获得硕士和博士学位。他目前担任纽约皇后区图书馆Laurelton分馆馆长,同时也是圣约翰大学的兼职教授.右面是小良博士在圣约翰大学教书时参加学校教师科研成果展览的项目:《美国早期发展与中华文明》

Friday, March 10, 2017

485. Dr. Dave Wang Interviewed on Chinese Exporting Porcelain


With this post I would like to introduce you Mr. Jeffrey Bingham Mead's introduction to Dr. Dave Wang's interview in March 11, 2016. We know through Dr. Dave Wang's research, Chinese exporting porcelain to North America was more than a common product or a mere commodity. Mr. Mead said that "It was a phenomenon that swept North America like nothing ever before. Porcelain from China was coveted by America's founders and many others. Some were so addicted to their cravings for Chinese porcelain that they went into debt -and paid the consequences. On this past President's Day holiday weekend in the USA you heard me welcome Dr. Dave Wang, a noted international authority originally from China who has researched, lectured and published on the ties between the American Founders and Chinese civilization. I met Dr. Wang in Chinatown, Flushing Queens in New York City to hear his findings about the impact of Chinese Export Porcelain on Americans and Europeans. I asked him to share his thoughts on the March 11 show. Here they are! Dr. Wang is the managing librarian of the Laurelton Library in Queens, New York City and an adjunct professor at St. John's University. We featured our usual explorations on Treasures of China, immerse ourselves in timeless Chinese wisdom on the Confucius Moment and more! I shared some announcements, happenings and events -and my impressions of the Asian food courts in Flushing Queens! I felt like I was back in Asia! Mark your calendar for the next broadcast on Saturday, March 18 at 10:30 a.m. Eastern USA Time/ 11:30 p.m. Beijing Time on 1490 WGCH and anywhere via streaming audio on WGCH.com. "

Sunday, February 26, 2017

484. CiteWeb Includes Dr. Dave Wang's Paper From Confucius to the Great Wall



The internet site CiteWeb includes Dr. Dave Wang's paper, From Confucius to the Great Wall: Chinese Cultural Influence on Colonial North America

A citation, also called a reference, uniquely identifies a source of information. CiteWeb is the projects with citation database from different sources of Internet.

I remember that Dr. Dave Wang was invited by well-known Japanese University, Kokushikan University in Tokyo to deliver a lecture on June 19, 2010. This paper is based on his lecture.


Friday, February 17, 2017

483. Dr. Dave Wang's Research is Featured at 1490 WGCH


With this post, I would like to quote from Jeffrey Bingham Mead's introduction to Dr. Dave Wang's study of the founders and Chinese culture. Jeffrey is a solid scholar in US history and president of History Education Council of Hawaii State. Recent years he is host of Radio Show Marvels  of China.
 
 On Saturday, February 18 my featured guest is Dr. Dave Wang.  
Born and raised in Northeastern China, he is an adjunct professor at St. John's University, New York, branch manager of the Laurelton Library/New York City Public Library System in Queens, New York and a noted scholar, lecturer and writer on the subject of the influences of Chinese civilization on the U.S. Founders and the founding of the United States of America in 1776. Much of his research is freely available to all on his blog site, The U.S. Founders and China:
 
 
His research and commentary has been cited and featured in numerous professional publications, ranging from The Korean Journal of Medical History to the Virginia Review of Asian Studies. His findings have attracted much attention in the academic world, too. Dr. Wang has been invited to present papers at conference throughout the USA, Europe and China. His research has found its way to university-level history and culture courses.
 
Remember that event in American history called The Boston Tea Party? The tea that was dumped in Boston Harbor was from China's Fujian Province. 
 
Dr. Wang has been a guest on our show before -and we full expect to have him back again. 
We'll feature our usual explorations on Treasures of China, immerse ourselves in timeless Chinese wisdom on the Confucius Moment and more! I'll share some announcement about happenings and events, too. 
 
Mark your calendar for Saturday, February 18 at 10:30 a.m. Eastern USA Time/ 11:30 p.m. China Time on 1490 WGCH and anywhere via streaming audio on WGCH.comhttp://www.wgch.com/desktop.php
 
See you on the air,

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

482. The Meaning of Chinese Porcelain Ware in North America Colonies

 Mr. Jeffrey Bingham Mead, the President of Hawaii State History Education Council sent me the paper, 'Holy grail of American ceramics' found in dig at American Revolution Museum. It reveals the fact that some local made ceramic wares in the site of Museum of the American Revolution in Philadelphia. The article reminded me of the article by Dr. Dave Wang. Please enjoy yourself with reading some paragraphs below:

The demand for Chinese porcelain and the efforts to get rid of Great Britain’s control over it helped to create the national conscience of the patriots.    

        Benjamin Rush (1745-1813), one of the founding fathers of the United States, was among the first group of colonists who put forward the concept of building a porcelain factory in North America.[i] Dr. Rush’s intention was to overcome the colonies’ dependence on Great Britain for goods and trade. The endeavor of building such a factory was far beyond the porcelain only. It demonstrated the colonists’ determination to be independent from their motherland.

 Go on in encouraging American manufactures. I have many schemes in view with regard to these things. I have made those mechanical arts which are connected with chemistry the particular objects of my study and not without hopes of seeing a china manufactory established in Philadelphia in the course of a few years. Yes, we will be revenged by the mother country. For my part, I am resolved to devote my head, my heart, and my pen entirely to the service of America, and promise myself much assistance from you in everything of this kind that I shall attempt through life.[ii]

        The Americans wanted to diminish their reliance on taxed imports and ultimately their need for other goods controlled by England. Their pursuing self supply of Chinese porcelain ware became a powerful call for the patriotic support of American economical independence. Some colonists attempted  to establish a porcelain manufactory company in Philadelphia in 1769. They established the factory on Prime Street “near the present day navy yard, intended to make china at a savings of 15,000 £. “[iii] Benjamin Franklin, who was in London at the time, showed his happiness seeing the achievement made by his countrymen. He said, “I am pleased to find so good progress made in the China Manufactory. I wish it Success most heartily.”[iv]

        The AmericanChina Manufactory became noted for the porcelain ware it produced. More importantly, it succeeded in cultivating patriotic support. It set in motion “an intense competition between the young American factory and its English contemporaries.”[v] Although the porcelain factory lasted to 1772, it challenged Britain’s monopoly of the Chinese products and ultimately contributed to the winning of American independence. Benjamin Rush stated clearly that he had regarded the manufacture as an important means to mobilize the Americans to build a new nation in North America: “There is but one expedient left whereby we can save our sinking country, and that is by encouraging American manufactures. Unless we do this, we shall be undone forever.”[vi]



[i] Michael K. Brown, Piecing Together the Past: Recent research on the American China Manufactory, 1769-1772, in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 133, no. 4, 1989, p.557.
[ii] Benjamin Rush to Thomas Bradford, 15 April 1768, in L. H. Butterfield ed., Letters of Benjamin Rush, Princeton University Press, vol. 1, p. 54.
[iii] John Fanning Watson ed. Annals of Philadelphia. See also Michael K. Brown, Piecing Together the Past: Recent research on the American China Manufactory, 1769-1772, in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 133, no. 4, 1989, p.555.
[iv] Benjamin Franklin to Deborah Franklin, 28 January 1772, in Franklin Papers. It is available on line at http://www.franklinpapers.org/franklin/framedVolumes.jsp
[v] Michael K. Brown, Piecing Together the Past: Recent research on the American China Manufactory, 1769-1772, in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 133, no. 4, 1989, p.573.
[vi] Benjamin Rush to probably Jacob Rush, 26 January 1769, in L. H. Butterfield ed., Letters of Benjamin Rush, Princeton University Press, vol. 1, p.74. Also in Pennsylvania Journal, no, 1374, 6 April 1769.

Wednesday, January 11, 2017

481. Did Benjamin Franklin Like Everything from China?


Readers from reading of Dr. Dave Wang's paper, "Benjamin Franklin and China. ---A Survey of Benjamin Franklin's Efforts at Drawing Positive Elements from Chinese Civilization during the Formative Age," have learned that Franklin loved Chinese culture and learned much from it. He made good use of the culture in aiding his efforts to build a new society in North America. For example, he loved Confucian moral philosophy, Chinese technology, Chinese products, such as porcelain wares and silk. He also loved Chinese plants and had some of them transplanted in North America. However, if you make the conclusion that Franklin loved everything from China, you will be wrong. With this post, I would like to point out one thing that Franklin didn't like.

It was the bed bugs. In 1750 in his widely circulated Poor Richard's Almanack , Franklin told his readers, the Bed Bugs was first brought from China in East-India Goods. He showed his fellow colonists how to  destroy the bugs. He told them to prepare some boiling Water and "poured from a Teakettle into the Joints, &c. of the Bedstead, or squirted by a Syringe, where it cannot well be poured. The old Ones are scalded to Death, and the Nits spoilt, for a boil’d Egg never hatches. This done once a Fortnight, during the Summer, clears the House" 

Nowadays there are many kinds of chemicals available to kill the bugs. However, personally I endorse Franklin's method. It produces no side effects, no pollution to one's own houses and environment in general.

Saturday, December 31, 2016

480. Borrowing Poitive Elements from Chinese Culture


As we approach the new year, I want to take a moment to reflect upon 2016. In Chinese, the phonetic pronunciation of "2017" can be slightly tweaked to mean "go forward together." I would like to take this opportunity to express my appreciation for my readers all across the world. All research needs readers--without readers, any research would be meaningless. The growth of my readers over the years indicates that there is increasing interest in how Chinese culture influenced the development of the United States. Today, the bilateral relationship between the United States and China is one of the most important in the world. If history can be a teacher, I predict that the United States will continue to benefit from borrowing positive elements from Chinese culture, as did the Founding Fathers in centuries prior.

In 2016, Dr. Dave Wang published the paper, Ideas from the East: American Founders and Chinese Wisdom, (www.virginiareviewofasianstudies.com/.../v18_12.-Wang-Chinese-and-Founders.doc)